KETONES

 

ACETONE

Acetone, or propanone, is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.[15] It is the simplest and smallest ketone. It is a colourless, highly volatile and flammable liquid with a characteristic pungent odour. Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important organic solvent in its own right, in industry, home, and laboratory

CAS no.:                       67-64-1

Synonyms: Dimethyl ketone / Dimethyl carbonyl / β-Ketopropane Propanone

Ketone propane / chevron acetone / dimethyl formaldehyde / dimethyl ketone / dimethylketal / DMK (=dimethyl ketone) / FEMA No 3326 / keto propane

 

CYCLOHEXANONE

Cyclohexanone is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO. The molecule consists of six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketone functional group. This colorless oil has an odor reminiscent of that of acetone. Over time, samples of cyclohexanone assume a yellow color. Cyclohexanone is slightly soluble in water and miscible with common organic solvents. Billions of kilograms are produced annually, mainly as a precursor to nylon

CAS no.:                       108-94-1

Synonyms:                   hexanon(=cyclohexanone) / hexanone(=cyclohexanone) / hytiol / hytrol O / keto hexamethylene / ketohexamethylene / MATTHEWS 10 thinner/cleaner 

 
 

Di-isobutyl ketone (IUPAC-naam: 2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanon) is an organic compound which comes in an colourless liquid form with an mild sweet odour. The material is not soluble in water.

Cas No:                         108-83-8

Synonyms:                   isovaleron, DIBK

METHYL ETHYL KETONE (MEK)

Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), also known as Butanone, is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3. This colourless liquid ketone has a sharp, sweet odor reminiscent of acetone. It is produced industrially on a large scale, but occurs in nature only in trace amounts. It is partially soluble in water, and is commonly used as an industrial solvent. It is an isomer of another solvent, tetrahydrofuran.

Cas No:                              78-93-3

Synonyms:                         2-Butanone / Ethyl methyl ketone / Ethylmethylketone

/ Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK; deprecated[2]) / Methylpropanone / Methylacetone

 

Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2C(O)CH3. This colourless liquid, a ketone, is used as a solvent for gums, resins, paints, varnishes, lacquers, and nitrocellulose.

CAS no.:                        108-10-1

Synonyms:                   4-Methyl-2-pentanone /  Isopropylacetone / Hexone / Isobutyl methyl ketone / 2-Methylpropyl methyl ketone / 4-Methyl-2-oxopentane /MIK / Isobutylmethyl ketone/ MIBK / Isohexanone